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18 Types of Toilets, Styles and Toilet Mechanisms Explained

Is it really possible that selecting a toilet, a seemingly insignificant decision, could involve so much investigation and work? Your decision becomes even more significant when you consider that certain toilet styles may last up to fifty years. But don’t worry, we’ve compiled a list of some of the most crucial factors to take into account in order to make this experience much simpler and, perhaps, faster. Continue reading to find out more about the different types of toilets available, their designs, and how they flush.

What are Toilets Made of And How Do They Work?

Let’s begin by examining the components of toilets and their operation. They often consist of a few essential components:

  • Waste pipe
  • Cistern or water tank
  • Flush mechanism – either a button, lever or a chain
  • An S-shaped pipe, also known as an S-bend or S-trap, is used to catch liquid to stop it from flowing in the wrong direction. Toilets always have some water in the bottom, even after a flush, as you have undoubtedly noticed. This small amount of water blocks the sewage pipe below, keeping bacteria, germs and a foul odour out of your bathroom.
  • Toilet bowl and a seat

Toilet materials need to meet a number of standards, as you might imagine: they need to be sturdy, resistant to chemicals and water, easy to clean and maintain, hygienic, and insensitive to temperature fluctuations. Most of the toilets that they manufacture are made of vitreous china, or porcelain, a unique type of clay. Steel that is stainless is used in some.

There are numerous toilet models, designs, and flushing systems available. As the article progresses, we will go into greater depth about them.

Toilet Types Explained

There are many other sorts of toilets to take into consideration before making your final decision on a unit, depending on your preferences and the conditions of your home. The procedure could quickly become too much to handle. Thus, the following is a list of the most popular toilet kinds in the UK:

1.  Dual-Flush Toilets

They have two flush button possibilities, as the name implies: a half flush and a complete flush. For liquid waste, we utilise the half flush; for solid waste, we use the full flush. Water economy is one of the main advantages of a dual-flush toilet. Although they cost more, they are better for the environment and your pocketbook. This kind of toilet has been adopted by several nations in response to water scarcity.

2. Double Cyclone Flush

The newest model available on the market is the double cyclone flush toilet. They have the same amount of power as a full flush yet consume less water each time. Despite not being as water-efficient as toilets with dual flush, they are nonetheless regarded as environmentally beneficial. Purchasing one will undoubtedly result in lower monthly water expenditures.

3. Pressure Assisted Toilets

The strong flush of a pressure-assist toilet is by far its greatest benefit. Water is forced into the toilet tank by the mechanism, which works with pressurised air. Almost no double flushes result from this. Homes with a large number of people and high toilet usage rates should choose pressure assisted toilets. But there is one drawback to take into account: they make a lot of noise.

4. Gravity-Flush Toilet

Around the world, gravity-flush toilets are widely utilised in residential settings. When you click the flush button, water from the toilet tank falls into the bowl. All of the waste is subsequently forced into the trap channel by the water. Gravity-flush toilets contain fewer parts, are quiet, and require very little upkeep over time. It makes sense why they are such a commercial success. You seldom ever have to deal with a clogged toilet when you have one of these.

5. Composting Toilets

The name for these toilets comes from the biological process known as composting, which handles human waste. After every use, the majority of these toilets use bulking materials like sawdust, wood chips, peat moss, or coconut coir.

When human faeces is composted correctly, all liquids evaporate, the final product is safe and manageable, and there is no disagreeable smell. Plants benefit greatly from the compost, which lowers the demand for commercial fertilisers and maintains the purity of the nearby water. Composting toilets may bring style and sophistication to a contemporary bathroom when they are properly used and maintained.

6. Waterless “Dry Sanitation” Toilet

Water is not used to flush this toilet. The composting toilet is a waterless toilet by nature. They are ideal for places with poor environmental quality, inadequate water supplies, or insufficient infrastructure. While they are not extremely common in homes, workplaces, outdoor events, and camping areas often utilise waterless toilets.

7. Upflush Toilet

With a UPFLush toilet, you can do away with the need to build intricate plumbing systems and drill holes in your bathroom floor. They are essentially completely movable and may fit anyplace on your land. Saniflo toilets, for example, are mostly used as macerators, but they can also be used in the kitchen. It is advised to consult a Saniflo plumber for expert guidance on installation and placement.

The discharge system is the primary distinction between upflush toilets and conventional fixtures. A macerator toilet unit and a small pipe make up the mechanism. Toilet paper and human waste are among the solid materials processed by the macerator. An upward pipe allows the material and flush water mixture to enter the sewage. With a diameter of just 3/4′′, the discharge pipe fixes a lot of structural issues. The holding tank, septic tank, or sewage system all receive the fine slurry, which is pumped through them.

The skilled Saniflo upflush toilet installation specialists can provide you with additional details on these units’ suitability for your house, their workings, and the finest model for converting an unusable space into a useful one.

8. Portable Toilets

These are portable, compact restrooms that are easy to move about. They are ideal for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and festivals. You may contribute to maintaining a clean and safe environment by carrying your compact portable toilet with ease.

Common Toilet Styles

Selecting the style of your toilet should come next. You have the option to select a single- or two-piece toilet, one that is wall-hung or floor-mounted, high- or low-level. But let’s talk about each alternative in more detail and one at a time. This is a list of many toilet styles that you can install on your property:

1. Two-Piece Toilets

The most popular toilet style is this one. The water tank and bowl on this toilet are separate, in contrast to the one-piece model. Although very robust and reasonably priced, two-piece toilets can be challenging to clean and sterilise.

2. One-Piece Toilet

Installing a one-piece toilet is simple enough that you could do it yourself. Because there are no difficult-to-reach places, they are very easy to clean and maintain. One-piece toilets are ideal for bathrooms with limited space because of their lower size. They are more costly, but given the benefits, they are well worth it.

3. Back-to-Wall Toilets

Toilets that are flush with the wall are a modern style option. They take up less room, are visually pleasing, and are easy to maintain and clean. While the toilet cistern is concealed by a wall or piece of furniture, the toilet bowl is attached directly onto the wall. Compared to wall-hung toilets, these toilets are less expensive and simpler to install.

4. Wall-Hung Toilets

Wall-hung toilets are contemporary and fashionable. Since the water tank is integrated into the wall, they also conserve room. Installing these toilets can be costly and challenging. To get the work done, you’ll need to hire a licenced plumber and possibly a handyman. That raises the wall-hung toilet’s total cost. The unit has several benefits and is reasonably simple to sanitise.

5. High-Level Toilet

Elevated toilets will create a stunning, classic aesthetic in your bathroom. They have a high-up cistern installed on the wall, which needs to be sturdy or reinforced to prevent problems. High-level toilets have an elegant design with a long chrome flush pipe and lengthy pull chain flush.

6. Low-Level Units

Like the high-level toilet, they add a more retro feel to your bathroom. Because the cistern is installed at a lower level, the flush pipe is shorter. The flush mechanism is operated by a traditional-looking lever.

Flushing Mechanisms

Selecting a flush mechanism is crucial and could have an effect on your water costs. In the UK, touchless flushing, flushometer valves, dual flush units, and single flush toilets are some of the most widely used toilet flush types.

1. Single Flush Toilets

There is only one flushing mechanism on single flush toilets, which can handle both liquid and solid waste. These are the most typical form of toilet flush seen in conventional homes. Their high water use makes them non-eco-friendly, which is one of their main drawbacks. Additionally, it’s not fun to fix your flush button, which breaks easily most of the time.

2. Dual Flush Units

For liquid and solid waste, they offer two flushing options: a half flush and a full flush. The fact that dual flush units conserve water is making them more and more popular. They are therefore economical and ecologically friendly. They may cost a little bit more than single flush ones, but they are worth it in the long run.

3. Touchless Flushing

Levers, chains, buttons for toilet flushing? You can disregard them entirely if you use touchless flushing systems. They are modern, hygienic, and convenient because they are motion-sensor actuated. These flush systems are frequently used in public restrooms and office buildings.

4. Flushometer Valve

They make use of a mechanism known as the flushometer valve, which works with tankless toilets. The toilet bowl and the flushometer valve are their two essential parts, and they have a strong flushing mechanism. They are primarily utilised in institutional, commercial, and industrial restrooms and are not particularly common in residential buildings.

Important Design Choices

Finally, size, toilet bowl type, and outlet trapway type are some other toilet design options to think about.

Standard Toilet Dimensions

Most one-piece toilets range in height from 53 to 79 cm (21 to 31 inches), with the bowl rim to floor measuring roughly 25.5 to 40.5 cm (14 to 16 inches). Most toilets range in depth from 68.5 to 76 cm (27 to 30 inches). Seldom does the width exceed 51 cm (20 inches). Two-piece toilets can have a total height of between 66 and 81 cm (26 and 32 inches), thus they are not as low.

Toilet Bowl Types

Round and elongated toilet bowls are the two main varieties. It’s common knowledge that elongated toilets are more comfortable to use, while circular toilets work better in smaller bathrooms.

Outlet Trapway Types

  • Skirted ones offer clean line from front to back;
  • Concealed types have a smooth surface at the back of the toilet where the trapway would normally be visible;
  • Exposed ones are difficult to clean because of their location.

Things to Consider Before Choosing a Toilet

Before purchasing a toilet, there are a number of factors to take into account, including the size, design, plumbing installation, and overall layout of your bathroom. A seemingly straightforward task may become complicated or time-consuming if you are unaware of your possibilities.

Consider how big your property is. Is your room enough big? If not, a wall-hung toilet could allow you to free up some room. And a dual flush system can be your best option if you want to save water and help the environment. Your monthly water bills are also reduced. Upflush toilets are the ideal option if you don’t want to invest in more plumbing because of their mobility.

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